This room is for discussion related to learning about the faith (Catechetics), defense of the Faith (Apologetics), the Liturgy and canon law, motivated by a desire to grow closer to Christ or to bring someone else closer.
Saint Augustine of Hippo is considered on of the greatest Christian thinkers of all time and the Doctor of the Church.
Learn More: Saint Augustine
I learned with Protestants that quoting scripture to "pave the way" helps. Maybe this link might be helpful:
I mean, really, Jesus? Turn the other cheek? Give to him who asks? What are you, Jesus? Some sort of conservative Democrat?!
The problem I find is that there are so many sacred cows that would need to be laid aside if they actually did take the words of Jesus seriously -- especially in regards to "not everyone who says lord, lord" or "repent or perish" and whatnot. Jesus can't be fit in a works-don't-matter paradigm, but His actual teachings make us uncomfortable, so the Reformation myth is popular because it is easier to digest. It's as much a heart problem as it is a head problem, IMO.
You do have to get down to the words themselves and whether Jesus meant what He said when He said them. When the young man in Matthew 19 asked "Master, what do I have do to be saved?" Jesus didn't say "Have faith in me and that will be enough." He said "Keep the commandments." When the young man said "I have" Jesus didn't say, "Awesome, now have faith and you're great!" He said "Give away all of your wealth and follow me." It was always faith and works. The young man initially had faith that Jesus had the right answer but then had to follow through with what Jesus told him to do. Both together, hand in hand. It always comes down to the two of them together and James 2:17 - "Faith without works is dead."
In the end though, you'll find that most people believe the same thing. You can't just have faith, sit back, and do nothing with it. We may not call it the same thing, but we all believe you have to do something with your faith in order for it to be salvific. You can find other good primers on the subject from http://www.catholic.com - that's Catholic Answer's web page. Good, easy one right here. www.catholic.com
I started out Church of Christ, which is really more fundamentalist than evangelical, but at least they understand that baptism is necessary. They also reflexively avoid high theology. When I was among Evangelicals for four years, I basically didn't accept their formulation of "faith alone" (since I've always believed baptism is crucial), but I never bothered engaging their view. And if you've talked with Evangelicals at all, it's their main beef with the Church.
Does anyone have some very helpful resources on the matter?
I have an extensive background, in Catholic and Protestant theology, theirs is weak, limited, lacks in so many areas, but at least a remnant of truth and the way is still in place with a few of them. I know, sounds harsh, but they lack the fullness of the faith and stumble along the basics, here, "many catholics do as well", at least you have the framework and proper guidance to get you along the best path possible. Give it prayer above all, for them and even for yourself. If you run into opposition and you don't have an answer, or just desire to bring in the heavy guns, PM me for my contact information to relay to them, I am more then willing and capable of dealing with the likes of those, regardless of their so called positions of authority.