(quote) ED-20630 said: Paul,
That was an interesting post. Thanks for the information.
This would not be the first time... or probably the last that Wikipedia was not accurate. It is always a challenge digging up accurate and complete information many years after an event.... especially when certain people or groups have an interest in "creative or modified presentation" of the event.
I can certainly see why it would be a priority to quickly locate and perhaps confine or deport anyone who is a citizen of an enemy country during time of war. That just seems prudent. I suspect that something similar was done to U.S. citizens that happened to be in Germany, Japan or Italy when WWII broke out.... although I don't have any particular knowledge or research (at this time) to confirm whether it happened. I also suspect that there were some citizens of Japan, Germany and Italy (and perhaps others) that were actively spying for those counties while living in the U.S. It seems to me that it would be pratically inevitable.
I suppose that life was a whole lot different in the Seattle area (in regards to concerns about spies and traitors) than where my parents were living near Pullman, WA. Pullman is about 400 miles (or so) inland from the coast. Also, being largely farmland during WWII, the population was probably largely composed of people of German, Irish, perhaps Swiss ancestry as well as American Indians of various tribes.
I will throw out one other very interesting fact about the internment of the American-Japanese.
As you noted, it was the Japanese families on the West Coast who were affected. Those located elsewhere were not interned. But the most interesting fact of all is that not a single Japanese whether citizen or not, except for Japanese Government Officials, resident of the Hawaiian Islands and living there at the time, was interred.
Lisa Scottoline, the lawyer and mystery writer, had an abbreviated history of the Interning of Italian Americans in WWII in her book published a few years ago. Sorry the title of the book escapes me.
One of the internees was a well known Italian Radio personality here in the US. In those days most major cities in the US had at least one radio station, Chicago had two as I remember, Whose programming was aimed at various National Groups in their native language. They would have several different nationalities in their daily line up.
Back to this Italian radio personality: he was not a US citizen, had not been in the country long enough to apply, but he was very anti Mussolini and Hitler. He was interred. His career destroyed. He never recovered his good name or his career.
You are correct that all the National Groups; German, Italian and Japanese did have spies within them. Most were rounded up very quickly after hostilities began. However, not one spy group from any of those three nations operated successfully for any more than a short period of time. The only nations whose spies operated successfully throughout the war were Russia's. But that was as much the result of native born Americans who were fervent members of the Communist Party than anything else.