Pope Pius XII, the man who was Pope during WW2. Many feel he did
not do enough to help the Jews or the war effort for countless reasons.
I recently saw this old movie called "The Scarlet and the Black." It was
a true story about a priest in the Vatican, who worked to save over 7000
refugees in Italy who came to the Vatican for help. The Pope did not
interfere with this special rescue mission even though the Vatican had a
precarious neutral status recognized by the Nazi's.
Monsignor O'Flaherty, a priest from Ireland, along with countless priests
and Italians living in Rome and outside of Rome, proceeded with great risk
to their own lives in aiding many refugees that sought help. Monsignor
O'Flaherty spearheaded the underground movement.
He had diplomatic immunity because of his offical job at the Vatican. This
allowed him to approach many of the Consultates set up in Rome to seek
help. It also delayed his capture by the Nazi's because if the Nazi's did not
recognize the Vatican's special privileges, they would risk loosing any
favor they had with countries that supported the Nazi's.
"The movie title The Scarlet and the Black is a reference not only to the black cassock and scarlet sash worn by Monsignores and bishops in the Catholic Church, but also to the dominant colors of Nazi Party regalia."
I rented the movie from Amazon if anyone is interested. But don't let anyone
tell you as a Catholic, that the Catholic Church or the Pope did nothing to
help out during WWII.