(Quote) Paul-302787 said: With the exception of those of us who are from the Latin Church, nobody from the Maronite Catholi...
(Quote) Paul-302787 said:
With the exception of those of us who are from the Latin Church, nobody from the Maronite Catholic parish or the Byzantine Catholic mission I attend consider themselves "Roman" Catholics.
In short, while the Easterns are Roman Catholics, they don't use the Roman liturgy, which is specific to the Latin church.
The Roman Catholic Church is composed of 22 autonomous (sui juris) churches: the Latin church and 21 Eastern churches. Each of the Eastern churches has its own norms and traditions; however, they share a single code of law, the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches (CCEO).
Prior to the promulgation of the CCEO in 1990 the churches sui juris were referred to as 'rites'; the 1983 Latin code of canon law (CIC), which is the current code, uses both terms.
The term 'rite' is also used when referring to the liturgy and theology of a church. The previous dual usage of the term is no doubt largely responsible for the confusion regarding the terms 'Latin' and 'Roman', as the primary liturgy of the Latin church sui juris is known Roman rite liturgy. Another source of confusion may be the use of the term 'Roman' (not 'Roman Catholic') to refer to the Diocese of Rome, which, of course, is particular to the Latin church.
For those who are interested:
The primary liturgy of the Roman rite is what is now called the Ordinary Form (previously, Novus Ordo); there are two common variations: the Extraordinary Form (Tridentine Mass or TLM) and the Anglican Use liturgy. Other Western rites are the Ambrosian Rite of Milan, the Mozarabic and Carthusian Rites, and the Rite of Braga.
The 21 Eastern churches use 5 liturgical rites:
Alexandrian rite (Coptic and Ethiopian churches)
Antiochene (West Syrian) rite (Malankar, Maronite, and Syrian churches)
Byzantine rite (Albanian, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Greek, Italo-Albanian, Yugoslavian, Melkite, Romanian, Russian, Ruthenian, Slovakian, Ukranian, and Hungarian churches)
Chaldean (East Syrian) rite (Chaldean and Malabar churches)
Armenian rite (Armenian church)
[The list of churches using each rite is taken from the New Commentary on the Code of (Latin) Canon Law. The Wikipedia article on the Byzantine Rite (en.wikipedia.org ) has a slightly different list.]
For more details about the current and defunct Western liturgies, see en.wikipedia.org