Our 5th amendment has a clause that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process. I cannot think of what crime a person could have committed prior to being born. What creates circumstances like the Taliban is a lack of self-control. Afghanistan has been ruled by tribes by centuries that engage in long blood feuds. What created the West (which has the highest longevity of anywhere in the world) is a constant pressure of several centuries of self-control and mastery. This is interwoven into our Bill of Rights.
The First Amendment allows everyone to speak and for all points of view to be considered, not just the majority's; in addition if their is a grievance, one can sue the government. The fourth amendment guarantees that we cannot be harassed by the police without probable cause (i.e., the police cannot harass because they feel like it; they must have a reason). The fifth amendment establishes that the government has to prove its case (i.e., assemble the facts and make them known) and cannot keep trying to get a conviction. The sixth establishes that in such matters we can defend ourselves and refute the government's allegations.