(quote) Chris-930705 said: To take an extreme case, Robert Bellarmine S.J. was a 16th Century bishop who, amidst other great accomplishments, also condemned G. Bruno to burn at the stake for heresy. (Bruno had advocated a heliocentric theory of the solar system, and further suggested that our sun was just one of many stars.) Bellarmine was canonized by Pope Pius IX, indeed he'd been pronounced a Doctor of the Church, but that's not to suggest that the 20th Century Church had come to view the murder of heretics as righteous.
History may come to see John Paul II as a man with failings, and perhaps doctrine will advance and recognize errors in his writings, but nobody denies that he allowed the Spirit to move him to accomplish great things for the Church.
Peace rest on you today, and throughout this Advent season.
Cardinal Bellarmine did not condemn Bruno to death.
He sat on the panel that declared him to be a heretic but had no direct hand in the death sentence.
Heresy was a crime subject to the death penalty under civil law. It was the civil law under which he was condemned to death.
You could argue that Bellarmine's judging him to be a heretic led to his death. But he did not actually condemn him.